OF NUCLEAR ENERGY
Nature provides many examples of the amazing
properties and energy of the atom. The sun, being a nuclear reactor, is
one example. Radioactivity is another.
Most of the nuclear power produced in the world
today comes from the controlled splitting (fission) of radioactive uranium
in reactors that transform uraniumís nuclear energy into heat. Heat, in
turn, creates steam for turbines to generate electricity, to propel ships,
to drive industrial processes.
As a fuel, uranium has a distinct advantage over coal,oil, and gas. The
latter three, as you know, are in limited supply. On the other hand, when
uranium can be used in advanced nuclear fission reactors such as breeders,
the known reserve of uranium would provide the world with energy for centuries
to come. It represents a heat source that, properly controlled, is safe
and does not significantly affect our environment.
This booklet contains some of the basic facts
about nuclear energy, along with experiments related to these facts. An
understanding of nuclear energy is essential if future citizens are to
deal intelligently with questions on
energy options . . . questions we face as a nation and as a